Every so often humanity is tempted to bend the arc of history, only so that the mistakes of the past are meant never to be repeated.

On November 16, 1860, a ship carrying 342 indentured Indians arrived in South Africa, and this arrival marked the beginning of a long but tortuous and painful journey in the history of the Indian diaspora – with more indentured labourers to follow soon afterwards.

That haven or paradise which was promised was a pretence of allure upon which dreams were built on by a group of people who knew no better.

On the contrary, immured into bondage by their white masters, the indentured Indians were relegated to the canefields in and around Durban – browbeaten into submission only for the want of a better life.

I am a descendant of those brave pioneers who ventured to this country and while they relinquished their ties with their homeland of India, they embraced their adopted land, drenched in hopes and dreams, and indeed hurried for that rainbow that they hoped would litter the sky of the promised land.

Normal family life was a luxury – a mirage of what they enjoyed on their meagre holdings across the continent, as they were shunted into barracks or extended family homesteads, often unfit for human habitation – but that did not prove to be a deterrent or obstacle.

Subjected to human deprivation and of as many rights as one could imagine, their pursuit was never going to falter even with the impending adversity or struggle that was to ensue, and neither was the power of the colonialist’s whip going to subdue their pride and dignity as a people – and as citizens of the world.

Rich in culture and tradition, steeped with the heritage of a proud motherland and determined to endure whatever hardships and barriers that lay in wait, the Indian South African’s citizenry took seed in a foreign land beset with all the injustices that man’s inhumanity to man could muster and inflict upon them – and they overcame.

After more than a century of citizenry, and with incalculable contribution to a land that once resisted their kindly and warm humanity, the Indian citizen of South Africa is now as intergral to the country as any other citizen, through all the trepidations and brutality foisted upon them by their “masters”, who could not fathom a common human brotherhood or a common humanity.

They never yielded – not for a moment.

The long and bloody struggle for the freedom of South Africa was theirs as well – and the fight for civil liberties entwined them almost intrinsically with the tapestry of all who were downtrodden in this country.

Through the struggles of slaves and immigrants, women and ethnic minorities, persecuted religions, and all in-between, the Indian citizen of South Africa was here to stay, and have learned better than most that the longing for freedom, human dignity and for common respect was, and is, the preserve of every single citizen, and no differences of any kind was worthy of pursuit.

Sadly, as a new democratic order took root, and hope had sprung eternal, the treachery that lurked in other compatriots began to rear its ugly head, not for any other reason except that of selfish and sectional superiority.

An unwarranted sense of “ownership” of this land began sprouting in the hearts and minds of certain individuals as they spewed their intimidatory animus thereby depriving a burgeoning country of a cohesive humanity, whose rich diversity promised so much.

Masquerading as saviours of the land, their vague shibboleths have become a menace to the Indian community,  so far as racial classification goes.

Every opportunity is seized to entrench division and hate – as malicious rhetoric upon malicious rhetoric consumes their daily discourse, to the extent that it makes them believe that the Indian citizen is an interloper who has no value and any suggestion that they have any patriotic blood in their veins is merely perfunctory.

In the present political dispensation, the Indian citizen is still being discriminated against as far as opportunities are concerned in their upward mobility for a place in the sun by racially discriminatory policies, despite South Africa being an equal opportunity country.

South Africa is a country of people, not of race or colour or ethnicity or creed – and our new found freedom is fair justification to embrace the traditional American motto of E.pluribus unum (out of many is one) – the Indian citizen is one of many and many of one – that is cast in stone.

As we chart troubled waters in the days ahead, no single citizen must acquiesce or yield to parochial views that hold sway with those who know no better and who care even less about a country that should give every single one of us the pride and joy of calling her – my country.

The deepest and noblest trait of a citizen is not in waving the flag, but in striving for a sense of patriotism that will never falter, to embrace fellow compatriots with zest and zeal and to submit to nothing more than the highest calling of being a true and loyal citizen – devoid of hatred and animosity.

Mahatma Gandhi lit a fire on behalf of the South African Indian so many years ago – it was necessary at the time, but the story goes beyond that of Gandhi and it will be for all eternity.

The Indian South African has earned his citizenry and no one will take it away.

Global Indian Correspondent – South Africa 
Narendh Ganesh

Let me know your thoughts in the comments below:



  1. A well conceptualised and written account of our forefathers who have made a remarkable contribution to the South African history

  2. Prakash Maharajh says:

    Great article….actual events of our fore- fathers arrival..

  3. Athma Maharaj says:

    Well written

  4. Siva Pillay says:

    All the other races cannot tolerate how come the Indians have progressed under apartheid an now under democracy. We are a hard working nation like our forefathers who came here in 1860. They toiled the soil under very difficult conditions. They built schools and temples with their meagre salary. Our parents have sacrificed so much just to give us education. That was their priority unlike other groups. We stick to our jobs no matter the salary and working conditions. We will continue to prosper no matter what we faced with.

  5. Veena John says:

    I support you Mr Ganesh….. Well said

  6. Nirmala devi Nagasar says:

    A well documented article that encompasses the historical past of the Indians and the challenges that they are still subjected to inspite of taking birth here. We are sidelined in every direction and suppressed to such an extent that destroys our progressive Hope’s and aspirations. Nonetheless our inner core is tenacious and still formidable to a large extent..This country needs a complete overhaul in terms of racism especially against the Indian South Africans.

  7. Dees Pillay says:

    Agreed 100%…we contributed to the economy of South Africa… I personally believe that we are more patriotic than many other groups to South Africa.. We are tax payers, we are employers.
    We never, ever damaged government properties,… Education is priority… It’s in our genes, it’s happening in all countries where Indians settle…
    Most importantly we will not defend a wrong doer, because he is our color or he belong to our ethnic group..
    And finally we got our priorities right… Country first, than political party…

  8. Raj Govender says:

    How TRUE and FAIR are the Authors comments. The SA Indian is a Citizen of this Beautiful land. South Africa is OUR country as much as anyone else here who chooses to call it the Motherland!!

  9. Ringo says:

    True and thought provoking .


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Other Podcasts you may like



In today’s episode, Rajan travels to the West Indies to meet Paul Keens-Douglas, one of the most popular Indian-origin storytellers and comedians of the Caribbean who always brings the house down!
A native of Trinidad who spent most of his early years in…



In today’s episode, Rajan stays in South Africa to continue the conversation about the ongoing riots and violence taking place as well as the apparent “race war” against people of Indian origin.
In conversation with Neelofar Sayed, a national radio prese…




In today’s episode, Rajan travels to South Africa to speak to Jayshree, a reporter in South Africa who is living through the current riots and violence that has been engulfing the country since the jailing of former President Jacob Zuma last week.
The po…




In today’s first-ever bilingual episode, Rajan travels to Pakistan to meet Wali Hamid Ali Khan, a famous Sufi-Rock musician and sibling band member of Raga Boyz, Pakistan’s leading rock band.
Hailing from the infamous Patiala Gharana (classical music hou…